Founded by twin sisters Margarita and Francesca Padovani in 1997, Campi di Fonterenza is a biodynamically farmed estate spread over the commune of of Montalcino. Though the twins grew up in Milan, the farm where they currently reside and make wine has been in the family since the 70's. Viticulture, however, does not run in the Padovani family; in fact, there were no vines whatsoever on the property until Margarita planted the first plots in 1999.
Francesca quickly joined her sister on the project, and subsequent plantings took place in 2002 and 2005 over 4 hectares of vines, with 3.5 h. planted in Sangiovese and the rest in Cabernet Sauvignon (which has since been re-grafted to Sangiovese). From the beginning, Margarita and Francesca agreed not to use chemicals in their vineyard practices, which quickly led to an interest in biodynamic viticulture and, a few years later, minimal intervention winemaking.
Five wines are produced: a skin contact white named Biancospino made from Malvasia, Trebbiano and Procanico, a Sangiovese rosé from sourced grapes, a younger vine, stainless steel Sangiovese called Pettirosso, a Rosso di Montalcino aged 20 months in barrel and 8 months in bottle and a Brunello di Montalcino released after five years.
Margarita and Francesca's constant and steady evolution have made these one of the most exciting estates for us in the past few years. Every vintage just keeps getting better and and better.
This interview with Francesca Padovani took place on the streets of Chicago in April 2011.
Tell us about Fonteranza.
Fonteranza is a rather young estate that my twin sister Margarita and I started in 1997. My parents have owned the farm we currently live on since the 70's, and a piece of land my mother had purchased over the years eventually became our vineyards. We moved from Milan to Tuscany in 1997, planted the first vines in 1999, then again in 2002 and the last bit was planted in 2005. Our land comprises of 4 hectares of vines (3.5 Sangiovese and .5 of Cabernet Sauvignon), as well as 7 hectares of olive groves.
In the early years we had to build the estate form the ground up and plant all the vines so the work was split equally but at this point Margarita's responsibilities are in the vines and I am responsible for sales. We do everything in the cellar together.
We currently make five cuvées: a Sangiovese rosé which we've been making for 5 years now, a younger Sangiovese from Brunello and Santasimo classified grapes, the Rosso de Montalcino and a Cabernet Sauvignon cuvée that are both aged 20 months in barrel and 8 months in bottle before release, as well as a Brunello that we release after five years.
I've wanted to make a white wine for a long time and we recently discovered a very old parcel of Trebianno and Malvasia not too far from our home which we vinified last year for the first time. We only made 3 barriques and don't know if we'll be able to sell the wine in the future but I hope so.
What made you want to start the estate?
Our farm is located in Montalcino which is very well located and also quite known for quality wine. Margarita had moved there before me and was working at other estates to support herself. She has a green thumb and is a true lover of nature so the idea was originally hers. Everything happened very organically; we weren't exactly sure of what we were doing at the beginning but step by step, things started taking shape. It's still very much a work in progress.
What's the work in the vines like?
We approach every vintage differently based on it's characteristics.
From the beginning we decided we didn't want to work with pesticides or chemicals. We're certified organic and have been incorporating elements of biodynamic agriculture in the vinyards over the last three years.
What about in the cellar?
Because we grow grapes naturally, our goal in the cellar is simply to transform natural fruit into honest wine; what I mean by that is a wine that is closely linked to the vintage, the terroir and to us.
Like in the vineyards, we don't have a systematic approach to the winemaking, but we tend to like long macerations and barrel aging for the Sangiovese because we feel our wines truly benefit from time in the cellar. We use mostly 20 hectoliter Slovenian barrels.
How do you feel about your DOC?
We are currently the only appellation in Italy requiring that the wine be bottled with a 100% of a single varietal, in our case Sangiovese, and people with power are trying to change the rules so they can blend other varietals into their wines.
We are fighting against this because a DOC should be linked to tradition and should guarantee you are getting a product that is unique to where it was produced and that can't be found elsewhere.
What's your take on the whole "natural wine" debate?
I believe in natural wine because I believe this is going to make a better wine. I personally refer to myself as a natural wine producer. I don't like to say "organic" or "biodynamic" because I find these terms are often misleading. At least when I say I make natural wine, people more or less have a grasp of what I mean by that. I know it's difficult to define because many natural wine producers work very differently, but there is definitely a synergy and a like-mindedness that can be tasted in these wines.
What do you like to drink?
Everyday I try different wines. I meet a lot of producers and get to exchange bottles so I'm always discovering something new.
I'm a big fan of Loire wines: for me there is a real charm in all the different varietals available and and numerous expressions of terroir.
This visit at Campi di Fonterenza took place in April, 2013.
Words by Jules Dressner, photos by Maya Pedersen.
Twin sisters Francesca and Marguerita Padovani's wines keep getting better and better, so it was very exciting to finally visit what Kevin Mckenna once described as "incredible terroir".
The sisters' main vineyard is in the outskirts of Montalcino; it consists of almost 4 hectares of land, which produce the Rosso di Montalcino and part of the Pettirosso.
The youngest vines were planted in 2005 in albarello.
As you can see from the photos above, this area has a heavy presence of schist, and as a result:
"This is the area that suffers the most from dryness."
In the oldest vines (a little further), the clay gets a lot heavier.
These were planted in 1999. Part of the vineyard have the Châteauneuf like galets, which are locally referred to as galestro. One bit is a mix of galestro and clay.
The lesson, my friends, is that within these 4 h, there are 4 distinct soil compositions. Throw in the fact that the entire vineyard is exposed full South/Southwest at 420 m elevation and what do you get?
SOME PRETTY INCREDIBLE TERROIR!
Francesca also filled us in on some big news: all of the Cabernet Sauvignon has been re-grafted with massale Sangiovese!
The other main vineyard site is a short walk away.
This 1.6 h of land produces the Brunello, As you can see from the pictures, the vines are completely surrounded by woods, with absolutely no neighbors.
"It's such a pleasure working here. You are all alone."
Someone made a "working naked" joke. It was pretty funny.
After our time in the vines, we drove back to the Fonterenza house and cellar to taste.
We started with this year's 2nd bottling of Pettirosso. 2/3 of the fruit for this wine are sourced from the first vineyard we visited, as well as a .7 hectare parcel that they rent. Skin contact is very short and everything is done in stainless steel. Yields average at 35 to 40 hl/h. It was everything I've come to love about this easy drinker.
The Biancospino white was showing really well. It's a blend of Malvasia, Trebbiano and Procanico, an indigenous grape that Francesca describes as "a more tannic Trebbiano." The wine macerated 2 weeks on the skins. We also tried the Rosso and Brunello 11, as well as the 09 Brunello, which was fantastic.
Grape: Cabernet Sauvignon
Vinification: Alcoholic and malolactic fermentation in 17.5 Hl oak tanks at a max of 30°C. Maceration on the skins for 30 days. Aged 18 months in barrel. Non filtered.
Vinification: Alcoholic and malolactic fermentation in stainless steel tanks at a max of 30°C. Maceration on the skins for 20 days. Aged 6 months in stainless steel then 6 months in 17,5 Hl Slovenian oak vats. Non filtered.
Vinification: The grapes have the stems removed and are lightly pressed. The must is separated from the skins after 10 hours. Alcoholic and malolactic fermentation in stainless steel tanks at a max of 27°C. Aged in stainless steel for 6 months.
Vinification: alcoholic and malolactic fermentation in barrel at a max of 30°C. Aged in barrel 20 months. Non filtered.
Grape: Sangiovese (from Brunello)
Vinification: Alcoholic and malolactic fermentation in 17.5 Hl oak tanks at a max of 30°C. Maceration on the skins for 40 days. Aged in barrel for 12 months then 28 Hl oak vats for 28 months.